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Field Mice

Field Mice

Quick Reference Facts

Common Name: Field Mice
Common Traits: Color: Usually brown or grey, Shape: Compact with stocky bodies,Size: 4-8.5" in length, Region: Found in most regions of the U.S. except the Plains and southern-most states.
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Prevention Methods

  • Keep lawns and vegetation cultivated
  • Eliminate weeds, ground cover, and litter
  • Keep mulch at least 3' from base of trees


Voles are active day and night, year-round. They do not hibernate. Voles eat plants, especially grasses and seeds, as well as bark, crops, insects and animal remains. Voles can have between one and five litters per year, with an average of five young in each litter. Vole population levels fluctuate and generally peak every two to five years. Dispersal, food quality, climate, and physiological stress all influence population levels.


Voles construct tunnels with numerous burrows entrances. A single burrow system may contain several adults and young.


Voles can cause extensive damage to orchards, tree plantings, and field crops. Voles eat crops and also damage them when they build extensive runway and tunnel systems. Voles also can ruin lawns, golf courses and ground covers. Voles rarely come in contact with humans and therefore pose no major public health hazards; however, they are capable of carrying disease organisms, such as plague and tularemia.

Information provided by the National Pest Management Association